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Lancashire and Yorkshire Bank

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The Lancashire and Yorkshire Bank’s Branch at 77 Shudehill opens for business in 1873, and is one of a large number of Manchester City Branches that joins Martins in 1928 when the of the Bank of Liverpool and Martins, and the Lancashire and Yorkshire Bank amalgamate.  It is typical of the grand, beautiful buildings built or used by the L & Y, and our image (courtesy W N Townson bequest) shows the branch before the amalgamation. Sadly, this is the only image of Shudehill branch that is currently available, but later on this page, we have a story about a raid at the branch which is captured by the ITN news cameras in 1962, and details of how you can watch the footage, along with two other short news clips about raids at Martins Bank branches.  First of all, our feature concerns the retirement of the Manager, Mr Openshaw, who is in charge of Shudehill at the time of the raid….

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1962 04 MBM.jpg

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1922 Shudehill Branch Exterior as L & Y Bank PA.jpg

Image © Martins Bank Archive Collection – W N Townson Bequest

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1948 to 1962 Mr J J Openshaw Manager MBM-Wi62P52.jpgMr. J. J. Openshaw, Manager at Shudehill since 1948, retired at the end of August. There was no formal presentation ceremony, at his own request, but a cheque was presented to him by Mr. B. E. Lockwood from his many friends and colleagues, and will be used for the purchase of a bookcase. A box of chocolates was sent to Mrs. Openshaw.  During his last day at the office many customers called to express their good wishes, and in the evening he and Mrs. N. Hollins, who retired from the branch on the same day, entertained the staff and friends at a cocktail party at the branch. Mr. Openshaw entered the Lancashire & York­shire Bank in 1916,  and  served at  various  branches,  including Haslingden, Blackburn, Warrington, Man­chester City Office and Brown Street. In 1929, whilst at Blackburn he was in charge of the sub office at Cherry Tree. He was given his first signing authority in 1938, at Manchester City Office and became Pro Manager there the following year. He was appointed Accountant at Brown Street in 1941 and from 1944-46 served with H.M. Forces, resuming his appointment on his return. In 1947 he became Assistant Manager at Brown Street and Manager at Shudehill in 1948.

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A sort of bank raid?Sep 1.jpg

1967 Mr E J Mellor MBM-Au67P22Our friends at ITN Source, whose archive of historical news footage is the largest in the world, have a short piece of silent film from 1962 which originally accompanied a news bulletin about a £14,000 raid at Shudehill branch.  Here, we have the story of what actually happened  from Eric Mellor (pictured left), a member of Martins Staff who remembers it well.  You can view the piece of news footage, and also find news reports of two other Martins Bank raids at the ITN Source web site.  Simply click on the ITN SOURCE logo below to go there, then type “Martins Bank” into their search engine.  Raids at Sloane Street and Farningham are at the top of the list, and a little further down, the Shudehill film clip is entitled “BANK SNATCH”…

Sep 1.jpg“I remember the occasion very well as I was at Shudehill from 1956 to 1960. Every Saturday morning Jim Openshaw the Manager and Bob Agnew the Branch porter used to take a suitcase full of cash to Spring Gardens branch in Openshaw’s car. Shudehill branch was opposite the old Smithfield Market and always had loads of surplus cash from the Market Traders. It was a regular Saturday morning trip and obviously somebody in the Manchester underworld had been tipped off by somebody working in the market. This particular Saturday the case full of cash was put in the boot of Openshaws car and as the car set off for Spring Gardens it was rammed by this other vehicle and the cash was stolen. So it was not so much as a raid on the branch rather a raid on Openshaw’s car. I had left the branch the previous year but remember quite clearly reading the account of the raid in the newspapers. Neither Openshaw nor the porter were injured but obviously were badly shaken by the event. If I rememebr rightly Jim Openshaw should have retired the previous year but had been asked to stay on for a further two years and had agreed to do so as he still had a young family to support. Needless to say he was quickly retired after this event but his retirement was not a happy one as he had no real interest outside banking and he died about two years later.”

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Taking used notes in a suitcase to another branch is definitely a “Spanish Custom” very much of its time, and would no doubt cause an international incident if it were to be repeated in these days of armoured bullion vans!  At the time of this snatch in 1962, £14,000 would have been a fortune that could buy a couple of houses and several cars.  It would still be another six or seven years before banks routinely built bandit screens into their new branches, separating cashier from customer forever.

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In the absence of a Martins Bank exterior view of 77 Shudehill, this “then and now” feature really is VERY then and VERY now – Our thanks to THE PASTA FACTORY, who now occupy the former Banking hall and ground floor area, for the lovely contemporary view. It’s good to see so little has changed in this part of Shudehill in the best part of ONE HUNDRED years!

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Image © Martins Bank Archive Collection –

W N Townson Bequest 1922 to date

Image © The Pasta Factory 2016

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1912 Mr E C Aspinall joined the bank here MBM-Au55P47.jpg

1921 to 1922 Mr H A Paersch MBM-Au47P15.jpg

1922 to 1922 Mr A E Knight joined the bank here MBM-Sp65P51.jpg

1922 to 1928 Mr W G F Jessop Pro Manager MBM-Su55P50.jpg

1923 to 1929  Mr F N Openshaw MBM-Su46P16.jpg

1929 to 1931 Mr L Richards joined the bank here MBM-Su68P12.jpg

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Mr E C Aspinall

Joined the Bank here


Mr H A Paersch

On the staff


Mr A E Knight

Joined the Bank Here

1922 to 1922

Mr W G F Jessop

Pro Manager

1922 to 1928

Mr F N Openshaw

On the Staff

1923 to 1929

Mr L Richards

Joined the Bank here

1929 to 1931

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1929 to 1936 Accountant later 1941 to 1948 Mr R S H Pawlyn Manager MBM-Wi48P13.jpg

1935 to 1936 approx Mr R B Bedford MBM-Su53P52.jpg

1936 to 1939 Mr G Dawson Pro Manager MBM-Sp49P20.jpg

1939 to 1949 Mr W Watson Signing Authority MBM-Au64P57.jpg

1947 to 1948 Mr W T Hughston joined the bank here MBM-Wi66P05.jpg

1948 to 1950 Mr A H Cudworth Pro Manager MBM-Su65P56.jpg

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Mr R S Pawlyn

Accountant 1929 to 1936

Manager 1941 to 1948

Mr R B Bedford

on the Staff

1935 to 1936 approx

Mr G Dawson

Pro Manager

1936 to 1939

Mr W Watson

Signing Authority

1939 to 1949

Mr W T Hughston

Joined the Bank Here

1947 to 1948

Mr A H Cudworth

Pro Manager

1948 to 1950

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1948 to 1962 Mr J J Openshaw Manager MBM-Wi62P52.jpg

1950 to 1951 Mr CH Jones Pro Manager MBM-Sp68P06.jpg

1951 to 1951 Mr M Bent joined the bank here MBM-Wi64P09.jpg

1951 to 1952 Mr W Hill Pro Manager MBM-Wi63P05.jpg

1967 Mr E J Mellor MBM-Au67P22

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Mr J J Openshaw


1948 to 1962

Mr C H Jones

Pro Manager

1950 to 1951

Mr J E Robinson

On the Staff


Mr M M Bent

Joined the Bank Here

1951 to 1951

Mr W Hill

Pro Manager

1951 to 1952

Mr E J Mellor

On the Staff

1956 to 1960

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1962 to 1965 Mr DC Reilly Manager MBM-Su65P03.jpg

1965 G Ashworth Manager MBM-Su65P08.jpg

BW Logo

BW Logo

BW Logo

BW Logo

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Mr D C Reilly


1962 to 1965

Mr G Ashworth


1965 onwards





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Index Number and District:






11-82-70 Manchester Shudehill

Full Branch

77 Shudehill Manchester 04

779 Manchester

Mon to Fri 1000-1500

Saturday 0900-1130

061 834 5488/9

Nightsafe Installed

Mr G Ashworth Manager


3 January 1928

15 December 1969

10 October 1980


Opened by the Lancashire and Yorkshire Bank

Martins Bank Limited

Barclays Bank Limited 20-55-05 Shudehill


The Pasta Factory